Tour Code : EN-083

Mesopotamian Civilizations Tour - 4 Days/3 Nights

Arrive early at Madrid Airport on your morning flight and meet your guide at the exit. If necessary, have a decadent breakfast of local delicacies in a restaurant.
We start the Mardin tour by walking through the narrow streets of Mardin, the cradle of Mesopotamian Civilization. Where people from different religions and sects live together in peace, you’ll see many door knockers and beautifully carved old doors, each with a history of their own. The small passages built under the houses to create narrow streets are called Abbara, and they are the characteristic features of the city. Next, we will visit the Mardin Museum, Latifiye Mosque, the Great Mosque of Mardin, and the old Post Office Building, which reflects the best examples of the region’s stonework.

Afterwards, you’ll have free time for shopping in the city. You may visit the local market, where you can find the famous almond candy of Mardin, local desserts, and jewellery made of silver, gold, and precious stones. Finally, we will visit the Kasimiye Madrasah (Mosque Kebir), which had extraordinary architecture and provided university-level education in the Seljuk period.
Visit the Deyrul-Zafaran Monastery, 10 km from the centre of Mardin. Built in the 5th century, it was one of the important religious centres of the Assyrians. Within the monastery complex are structures such as the Mor Hanonya Church, the Sun Temple, the Virgin Mary Church, and the House of Saints, which are built with the best examples of Mardin stonemasonry. Deyrul-Zafaran Monastery was the official seat of the patriarch of the Syriac Orthodox Church until 1932. Afterwards, visit Dara's ancient city.
Dara, also known as Anastasiopolis, is one of Mesopotamia's ancient cities and the most important trade centres on the Silk Road. Its ruins consist of structures carved into the rock, including water channels, cisterns, rock tombs, Arasta, and many others.
Dinner and accommodation in Mardin. 
Distance : 140 Km
Meal : Dinner

After breakfast, we depart towards Diyarbakır. First, visit the 3,000-year-old Zerzevan Castle, a candidate for the Unesco World Heritage list, in the Çınar district of Diyarbakır.
Zerzevan Castel: Visit the 3,000-year-old Zerzevan Castle, a candidate for the Unesco World Heritage list, in the Çınar district of Diyarbakır. In Zerzevan Castle, which was used as a "military settlement" during the Roman Empire, there is the Temple of Mithras, the mystery religion of Rome. Mithras is the Sun God who controls the entire universe. Rites in the temple were always held in secret. Thousands of people come here every year and perform rituals secretly.
Our tour will kick off with a visit to the Diyarbakir city walls, a UNESCO World Heritage Site believed to have been built around 2000 BC. One of the most captivating structures we will explore is the four-legged minaret. We will also visit the Diyarbakir Great Mosque, which is recognised as one of the five Harem-i Sharifs of Islam. Martom Church was built in 639 AD after being converted into a mosque. It is highly recommended that you see the sundial the scholar Al-Jazari created in the Ulu Mosque garden.
We will take a coffee and tea break at the historical Hasan Pasha Inn, constructed in 1575. Caravans coming from the Silk Road used to stay there. Additionally, we will visit Sülüklü Han and the Bridge with Ten Eyes.
Diyarbakir Kaleici Bazaar is the local people's shopping centre, so you will have the opportunity to get a closer look at the people and lifestyle of Diyarbakir.
Take lunch at a local restaurant with a grilled kebab. Afterwards, drive towards Sanliurfa.

Our first stop in Sanliurfa will be Göbeklitepe, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the oldest temple in the world, with a history of 12,000 years, dating back to the Stone Age. One of the most important archaeological discoveries of our time, Göbeklitepe is thought to be the first pilgrimage centre of the world, as it rewrites history. During our tour here, our guide will answer the following questions surrounding the area: Who built Göbeklitepe 12,000 years ago and why? Why was Göbeklitepe, the oldest temple in the world, abandoned and buried with soil on purpose? The technology and mathematical knowledge used to build the Temple with rock megaliths weighing 16 tons is still a mystery.
Karahantepe: Excavations are going on. It is not open to official visits
Karahantepe is located in the Taştepeler region, 38 km from Göbeklitepe. It is one of the most important settlements of the Neolithic period and the oldest ritualistic area. In April 2024, a pig statue with a red mouth was found in Karahantepe's excavations.
We’ll go to our hotel and check in at the end of the tour.
Accommodation in Sanliurfa. ( Breakfast – Dinner )

Traditional Sıra Night: On our Urfa trips, we attend Sıra Nights (Sıra Gecesi), which is a dinnertime entertainment with music and dances that is synonymous with Şanliurfa.
Distance: 300 Km

Sanliurfa is known as the "city of prophets" in Southeastern Turkey. After breakfast, we will visit Halil-Ür Rahman Mosque, Rızvaniye Mosque,  and the Balıklıgöl, Halil-Ür Rahman Lake. Prophet Abraham is said to have been thrown into the fire, and the burning logs turned into fish, whereas the fire turned into water. You will visit the cave where Prophet Abraham was born. The Sipahi Bazaar, Kazzaz Market, Naccar Bazaar, Gumruk Inn, and Ulucami (Grand Mosque) are other historical places. 

The Urfa Archeology Museum and the Haleplibahçe Mosaic Museum have an indoor area of 29,000 square meters and exhibit many historical artefacts from Anatolian civilisations.
We will take a road trip to Harran, passing through one of Mesopotamia's most fertile agricultural lands. The 3000-year-old Harran houses with conical roofs, designed specially to keep cool in the extreme heat in summer months, were built with adobe and stone masonry techniques. We will visit a Harran house in the village. The first university in the world, Harran University, was also established here.

We arrive in Halfeti after a pleasant journey through pistachio gardens with a delightful view.
Lunch break is in a local restaurant on the road or in Halfeti.
Halfeti, currently situated in Rumkale, was built in 2000 BC by the Assyrian King III. It was founded by Salmanassar and was called Şitamrat at that time. Due to the Birecik dam, many parts of the city, including the Savaşan village, are submerged underwater. We will take a boat cruise tour around Halfeti Dam Lake, where we will see the Sunken Mosque and Roman Castle, mostly submerged and described as a "sunken city." After that, we will visit the ancient city of Zeugma.

Zeugma was founded by Alexander the Great's general, Seleukos Nikator I, in 300 BC. At that time, it was called Selevkeia and Euphrates. It was a city of great wealth and splendour during the Roman and Commagene Kingdom eras. However, in 256 AD, the Sassanid King Shapur I invaded, burned, and destroyed it. The world's richest and most beautiful original mosaics, including the world-famous Gypsy girl mosaic, were found in the ancient city of Zeugma.
Arrival and overnight stay in Gaziantep. ( Breakfast – Dinner )
Distance: 330 Km

After breakfast, we will visit the second largest mosaic museum in the world, Zeugma Mosaic Museum, where the mosaics unearthed in the ancient city of Zeugma on the Euphrates, the world-famous Gypsy Girl mosaic, and the statue of the god of war, Ares, are exhibited. The Sassanid completely destroyed the ancient city of Zeugma on the Euphrates, which lived its heyday around 256 AD during the Roman period.

Gaziantep is the largest and most modern city in the Southeast, and the Gaziantep City tour is hectic and shopping-focused. We will visit the Naib Bath, the Monument to the 14 Martyrs, the replica of the Orkun Inscriptions (with Turkish and Göktürk writings), and the Gaziantep Castle.
Then, we will take a shopping break at Zincirli Bedesten, Almacı Bazaar, and Bakırcılar Bazaar to buy handicrafts made of mother-of-pearl inlay, wire crushed and copper, spices, pistachios, baklava, and other handicrafts known for Gaziantep.

At the end of the Gaziantep tour, you’ll be transferred to Gaziantep Airport. (Breakfast.)
Distance: 80 Km
Meal: Breakfast

People Per person in
Single Room Extra Bed Children Fee
1 Pax 0.00 3660.00 0.00
2 Pax 1857.00 2070.00 1857.00
6 - 11
3 - 5
3 Pax 1404.00 1617.00 1404.00
6 - 11
3 - 5
4 Pax 1197.00 1409.00 1197.00
6 - 11
3 - 5
5 Pax 1103.00 1316.00 1103.00
6 - 11
3 - 5
6 Pax 1015.00 1227.00 1015.00
6 - 11
3 - 5
7-9 Pax 932.00 1145.00 932.00
6 - 11
3 - 5
10-14 Pax 820.00 1033.00 820.00
6 - 11
3 - 5
15-19 Pax 743.00 956.00 743.00
6 - 11
3 - 5
20-24 Pax 713.00 925.00 713.00
6 - 11
3 - 5
25-29 Pax 684.00 897.00 684.00
6 - 11
3 - 5
30-40 Pax 667.00 879.00 667.00
6 - 11
3 - 5
People Per person in
Single Room Extra Bed Children Fee
1 Pax 0.00 3755.00 0.00
2 Pax 1952.00 2164.00 1952.00
6 - 11
3 - 5
3 Pax 1499.00 1711.00 1499.00
6 - 11
3 - 5
4 Pax 1291.00 1503.00 1291.00
6 - 11
3 - 5
5 Pax 1198.00 1410.00 1198.00
6 - 11
3 - 5
6 Pax 1109.00 1322.00 1109.00
6 - 11
3 - 5
7-9 Pax 1027.00 1239.00 1027.00
6 - 11
3 - 5
10-14 Pax 915.00 1127.00 915.00
6 - 11
3 - 5
15-19 Pax 838.00 1050.00 838.00
6 - 11
3 - 5
20-24 Pax 807.00 1020.00 807.00
6 - 11
3 - 5
25-29 Pax 779.00 991.00 779.00
6 - 11
3 - 5
30-40 Pax 761.00 974.00 761.00
6 - 11
3 - 5

Tour Type    : Private Tour
Price Policy : Price changes depending on people's number.
** Ask about price discount rates on particular dates.

Price includes

Private airport transfers.

3-night accommodation, daily breakfast

3 Dinners

All tours as per itinerary

Entrance fees to museums and excavation areas

Professional English tour guide for the duration of the tour.

Private air-conditioned vehicle with an experienced driver.

( Sıra Gecesi) Special traditional dinner party with music.)

Entrance fees to museums and excavation areas 

VAT and City Tax

Price Excludes

Personal expenses

Breakfast on the arrival day.

Domestic Flight ( Available upon request)

Travel Insurance ( Highly Recommended )


Tips for the guide and driver


Cancellation Policy  
- For cancellations made 45 days before the tour, 100% refund. (Except per person 175 € for register, bank commission, and domestic flight ticket cost)
- For cancellations made 44 - 30 days before the tour, 50% refund. (Except for the Bank Commission)
- For cancellations made 29 - 15 days before the tour, 20 % refund.
- Reservations made 14 days before the tour will not be refunded, and a 100-percent Penalty will be applied.

- Please note that travel health insurance is mandatory.
Our team confirms the selected hotels' availability on the booking date. However, we will book similar hotels for your stay if they are unavailable.
- The guide may change the tour program due to bad weather, traffic jams, or similar situations.
- If any location in the itinerary is closed, we will arrange to visit other places.
During the tours, you will walk approximately 2 km daily on uneven and cobblestone surfaces, inclines, and steps.
- You should wear comfortable clothing, flat walking shoes, a hat, sunglasses, and sunscreen during summer. Please bring a raincoat, warm clothes, winter walking shoes, an umbrella, etc. to stay comfortable in winter.
- When visiting religious places like churches, mosques, and cathedrals, it is recommended to wear plain clothing, including closed and long skirts
- The order of the sites visited may change to avoid crowds.
Please ensure that you carry your passport for all domestic flights. Domestic flights are economy class, and the luggage limit is 15 Kg.

Domestic Flight ticket information
We strive to provide our valued guests with the utmost comfort during intercity travels over long distances by arranging direct flights whenever possible. This ensures that no time is lost during flight transfers at the Istanbul airport. However, please be aware that direct flights between Cappadocia and Ephesus and Cappadocia and Antalya are only available on specific days of the week from May to October. Daily direct flights are not available. You may need to adjust your start dates by 1-2 days to accommodate these direct flight schedules. If this is not possible, we may need to include a connecting flight to Istanbul to complete the tour. Any necessary changes to the tour plan can be made by providing passenger information.

Flight ticket group reservation policy            
Please note that flight ticket prices included in tour packages are only valid for individual passengers. If you are travelling in a group, it is recommended that you purchase your tickets well in advance to avoid any significant price increases. For domestic flights, such as Istanbul to Cappadocia, booking your group tickets at least 2-3 months before your trip is best. Failure to do so may result in limited availability and higher prices. Once your group reservation is confirmed, you must pay 30% of the ticket price within 2 days to secure your booking. The airline company may cancel your group request and ticket prices if payment is not received within this timeframe.




Gold  Package Hotels 
Mardin (1)        -  Ramada Plaza Mardin 5*
                            Raymar Mardin 5*
Şanlıurfa (1)      - Nevali Hotel 5*
                          - Hilton Sanliurfa 5*

Standart Package Hotels
Mardin (1)        - Yay Grand Hotel 4*    
Şanlıurfa (1)     -  Nahrin Boutique
Note: Sample hotels are confirmed if available on the reservation date. Otherwise, similar hotels are booked.



Deyrulzafaran Monastery
Zerzevan Castel
Mithras Temple
Taş Tepeler
Prophet Abraham Lake
Prophet Abraham Cave
Zeugma Mosaic Museum

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Tour Code
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Mesopotamian Civilizations Tour - 4 Days/3 Nights
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4-day Southeastern Turkey tour


The 4-day Southeastern Anatolia tour starts in Mardin and ends in Gaziantep; discover the rich history and culture that shaped human civilisation on this unforgettable journey in the heart of Ancient Mesopotamia. Discover the Temple of Mithras, the mysterious religion of the Romans, located in the Zerzevan Castle in Diyarbakır, the 12,000-year-old Göbeklitepe and Karahantepe settlements, Şanlıurfa, the city of the Prophets, Harran, where the world's oldest university is located, and Zegman's masterpiece mosaic collection. Immerse yourself in Mesopotamia's rich history, culture, and fascinating nature, which have shaped human civilisation.

  • Tour Code : EN-083
  • Duration : 4 Days
  • Start : Mardin
  • End : Gaziantep
  • Tour Season : 20 March - 15 November
  • Transfer : Vehicle
  • Distance : 850 Km
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